Francisco de Vitoria`s idea of natural law and its relationship with division of things

Tomoyuki Koba


In the sixteenth century, there were great necessities for universal normativity, which was in part caused by the Reformation and discovery of the New World.  Spanish theologians worked to establish universal norms applicable beyond Europe, but they confronted with challenges, which arose not only from the political situation, but also from theoretical criticism. Arguing against the medieval theory of natural law, Duns Scotus (1265-1308)  had already cast doubt on its consistency, and the theologians of that century could not ignore his criticism.   In this paper I am attempting to add to the discussions of the trends of sixtenth century Spanish theology by explaining how the theory of natural law by Francisco de Vitoria (1492-1546) tried to reconcile theory with reality. 


Vitoria, Natural Law, Common ownership, Theology

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